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Collateral Consequences

A criminal conviction ends with sentencing that can include many different kinds of punishments. See Sentencing to learn more. A conviction also brings other consequences that affect your life in many other ways. A conviction, or even an arrest can take away your rights, impose sanctions and disqualifications that affect your job, housing, government benefits, citizenship, student loans, and more. These are called Collateral Consequences or Invisible Punishments. The big problem is that you may not know about these consequences when you are Plea Bargaining or pleading guilty.

Collateral Consequences Basics
Find out the consequences outside of the criminal court system. Follow links to calculate the consequences for your crime or offense.

Adoption Consequences
Learn how a criminal conviction can affect your right to adopt or foster a child.

Voting Consequences
Read about how a felony conviction affects your right to vote.

Public Office Consequences
Learn how a misdemeanor or felony conviction can affect your ability to be a police officer, firefighter, notary, elected official or other public office job.

Immigration Consequences
A criminal conviction, or even an arrest, can impact your immigration status.

Student Loans Consequences
An adult criminal conviction may result in a loss of financial aid. Criminal convictions for drugs automatically stop federal student aid.

Employment Licenses Consequences
Many jobs require licenses before you can hold the job. Read how criminal convictions can prevent you from getting a license or can take your license away.

Sex Offender Registration Consequences
Sex offenders are listed on the NYS Sex Offender Registry and are barred from holding various jobs.

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