The Council of New Netherland, 1626-1674

From 1626 on, the Director and his Council acting together were vested with executive and legislative powers within New Netherland. These men also constituted the New Netherland Court of Justice a tribunal for the trial of civil and criminal cases. From 1638-1647, Director William Kieft appointed Dr. Johannes La Montagne as the sole member of his Council although he did retain the office of the Fiscael.

Initially, whenever the Company's ships were in port in New Amsterdam, their captains participated in the Council and the Court. Later, when special questions were to be deliberated by the Council, or special cases tried by the New Netherland Court of Justice, leading citizens were added to the Council pro hac vice. The Fiscael (Attorney General) participated in a non-voting capacity when the Council was in executive session but when the Council functioned as a court, his sole role.

1626
Isaac de Rasiers
Peter Blyvelt
Jan Elbertsen Wissinck
Jan Jansen Brouwer
Symon Dircksen Pos
Reynert Harmensen
Jan Lampo, Fiscael

1630
Peter Bylvelt
Reynert Harmensen
Jan Jansen Myndertsen
Jacob Elbertsen Wissinck
Jan Jansen Brouwer
Symon Dircksen Pos
Jan Lampo, Fiscael

1633
Jacob Jansen Hesse
Martin Gerritsen (van Bergen)
Andries Hudde
Jacques Bentyn
Coenraet Notelman, Fiscael

1634
Jacob Jansen Hesse
Martin Gerritsen (van Bergen)
Andries Hudde
Jacques Bentyn
Lubbert van Dincklagen, Fiscael, replaced that year by Coenraet Notelman

1636
Andries Hudde
Claes van Elslant
Jacobus van Curler
Jacques Bentyn, Fiscael

1637
Andries Hudde
Claes van Elslant
Jacobus van Curle
Jacques Bentyn, Fiscael

1638
Johannes La Montagne
Ulrich Lupolt, Fiscael (?)

1639
Johannes La Montagne
Cornelis van der Hoykens, Fiscael

1642
Johannes La Montagne
Cornelis van der Hoykens, Fiscael
*Jacques Bentyn
*Jochem Pietersen Kuyter
*Hendrick van Dijck
*Gysbert op Dyck.

*These four joined Dr. La Montagne, pro hac vice, for the trial of Hendrick Jansen, for slandering the Director General


1643
Johannes La Montagne
Cornelis van der Hoykens, Fiscael

1644
Johannes La Montagne
Cornelis van der Hoykens, Fiscael
*Bastiaen Jansen Krol
*Willem Cornelissen Oldemarckt
*Jan de Fries
*Hendrick van Dijck

*These four were appointed, pro hac vice, on July 14, 1644 to try a case in which the defendant objected to the Director General and Councillor La Montagne.


1645
Johannes La Montagne
Cornelis van der Hoykens, Fiscael
*Johan de Fries
*Gysbert de Leeuw
*Oloft Stevensen van Cortland
*Gysbert op Dyck
*John Underhill
*Jan Evertsen Bout
*Jacob Stoffelsen

*These seven were appointed pro hac vice on April 28th to consider measures against the Indians


1646
Johannes La Montagne
Cornelis van der Hoykens, Fiscael

1647
William Kieft, Ex-Director
Lubert van Dincklagen, Vice-Director
Johannes La Montagne
Brian Newton
Paulus Leendertsen van der Grist, Naval-officer
Jacob Loper, Commander
Jelmer Thomassen, Captain of the Great Gerrit
Jan Claessen Bol, Captain of the Princess
Hendrick van Dijck, Fiscael
Adriaen Keyser, Commissary (from September 20)

1648
Lubert van Dincklagen
Johannes La Montagne
Brian Newton
Paulus Leendertsen van der Grist
Adriaen Keyser, Commisary
Hendrick van Dijck, Fiscael

1649
Lubert van Dincklagen
Johannes La Montagne
Brian Newton
Paulus Leendertsen van der Grist
Adriaen Keyser, Commisary
Hendrick van Dijck, Fiscael

1650
Lubert van Dincklagen
Johannes La Montagne
Brian Newton
Adriaen Keyser, Commisary
Hendrick van Dijck, Fiscael

1651
Lubert van Dincklagen
Johannes La Montagne
Brian Newton
Adriaen Keyser, Commisary
Hendrick van Dijck, Fiscael

1652
Johannes La Montagne
Brian Newton, substititing as Fiscael
Cornelis van Tienhoven, Fiscael

1653
Johannes La Montagne
Brian Newton, substititing as Fiscael
Cornelis van Tienhoven, Fiscael
Cornelis van Weikhoven (appointed in May)
Nicasius de Sille, First Councillor (appointed in October)
Cornelis Coenraatsen, Commander of the ship King Solomon (December)

1654
Johannes La Montagne
Brian Newton, substititing as Fiscael
Cornelis van Weikhoven (appointed in May)
Cornelis van Tienhoven, Fiscael

1655
Nicasius de Sille
Johannes La Montagne
Cornelis van Tienhoven, Schout-fiscael
*Allard Anthony, Burgomaster
*Martin Cregier, Burgomaster

*Added to the Council during the absence of the Director-General and First Councillor at South River


1656
Nicasius de Sille
Johannes La Montagne*
Cornelis van Tienhoven, Fiscael (Dismissed June 7)
Nicasius de Sille, Fiscael (appointed June 20)
Cornelis van Ruyven, Secretary (appointed to vote, pro hac vice, on a case in appeal, the Council being equally divided)

*Appointed Vice-Director at Fort Orange, September 28, 1656


1657
Nicasius de Sille, Fiscael
Peter Tonneman (appointed January 3)

1658
Nicasius de Sille, Fiscael
Peter Tonneman
Johannes de Decker, Comptroller (commissioned December 20, 1657)

1659
Nicasius de Sille, Fiscael
Peter Tonneman
Johannes de Decker, Comptroller
Cornelis van Ruyven, Receiver-general (with an advisory and concluding vote on all questions of finance) appointed on February 10

1660
Nicasius de Sille, Fiscael
*Cornelis van Ruyven, Receiver-general
*Martin Cregier
*Oloff Stevensen van Cortland
Johannes de Decker (appointed August 5)

*These three were appointed in the absence of the Director-General at Esopus and the Fiscael who were at South River


1661
Nicasius de Sille, Fiscael
Johannes de Decker
Cornelis van Ruyven, Receiver-general (appointed in December)

1662
Nicasius de Sille, Fiscael
Johannes de Decker
Cornelis van Ruyven, Receiver-general

1663
Nicasius de Sille, Fiscael
Johannes de Decker
Cornelis van Ruyven, Receiver-general

1664
Nicasius de Sille, Fiscael
Johannes de Decker
Cornelis van Ruyven, Receiver-general

September 1664 "Province usurped by the English"

1674-1674
Willem Knijff, Fiscael


Source:
E. B. O’Callaghan. The Register of New Netherland, 1609-1664; 1673-1674 (1856)



The Historical Society of the New York Courts        140 Grand Street, Suite 701 White Plains, NY 10601        914.824.5863