People v Rice
2013 NY Slip Op 02946 [105 AD3d 1443]
April 26, 2013
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
As corrected through Wednesday, May 29, 2013

The People of the State of New York, Respondent, v Maria A. Rice, Appellant.

[*1] Timothy P. Donaher, Public Defender, Rochester (Janet C. Somes of counsel), for defendant-appellant.

Sandra Doorley, District Attorney, Rochester (Erin Tubbs of counsel), for respondent.

Appeal from a judgment of the Monroe County Court (Patricia D. Marks, J.), rendered June 28, 2006. The judgment convicted defendant, upon a jury verdict, of criminal possession of a forged instrument in the second degree (two counts) and attempted petit larceny.

It is hereby ordered that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.

Memorandum: On appeal from a judgment that convicted her following a jury trial of two counts of criminal possession of a forged instrument in the second degree (Penal Law § 170.25) and one count of attempted petit larceny (§§ 110.00, 155.25), defendant contends that the conviction of the two counts of criminal possession of a forged instrument is not supported by legally sufficient evidence. At the close of the People's case, defense counsel moved for a trial order of dismissal on the ground that the People had failed to establish that defendant knew that the traveler's checks she had attempted to cash were counterfeit. That motion was denied, and defendant then testified on her own behalf. Defendant concedes that defense counsel did not renew the motion at the close of defendant's proof, and her contention that the issue nevertheless is preserved for our review is without merit (see People v Lane, 7 NY3d 888, 889 [2006]; cf. People v Payne, 3 NY3d 266, 273 [2004], rearg denied 3 NY3d 767 [2004]).

Because defendant also challenges the weight of the evidence supporting the verdict on those two counts, we nevertheless address the evidence adduced concerning the element of knowledge (see generally People v Stepney, 93 AD3d 1297, 1298 [2012], lv denied 19 NY3d 968 [2012]). Contrary to defendant's contention, the People presented sufficient evidence establishing that defendant knew the traveler's checks were counterfeit and, viewing the evidence in light of the elements of the crime of criminal possession of a forged instrument as charged to the jury (see People v Danielson, 9 NY3d 342, 349 [2007]), we conclude that the verdict is not against the weight of the evidence (see generally People v Bleakley, 69 NY2d 490, 495 [1987]). As part of their direct case, the People introduced in evidence defendant's testimony before the grand jury. Moreover, defendant testified at trial and, inasmuch as she "elected to give h[er] version of the [events] and thereby put h[er] credibility in issue, we may unquestionably consider the plausibility of h[er] [testimony] in deciding whether the [jury] was justified in rejecting [it]" (People v Potenza, 92 AD2d 21, 29 [1983]). We conclude that defendant's testimony was "patently incredible" (People v [*2]Quinones, 302 AD2d 210, 210 [2003], lv denied 100 NY2d 541 [2003]). Indeed, "[t]he chain of circumstances surrounding defendant's receipt of [the] fraudulent [traveler's checks] from [a stranger in Nigeria], . . . and defendant's use of the [checks] supported the inference that defendant knew [they were] forged . . . Furthermore, defendant's [grand jury and] trial testimony explaining [her] acquisition of the [checks] was incredible, and this testimony contained material admissions that further supported the inference of knowledge" (People v Credel, 99 AD3d 541, 541 [2012], lv denied 20 NY3d 1060 [2013]; see People v Price, 16 AD3d 323, 323 [2005], lv denied 5 NY3d 767 [2005]). Present—Scudder, P.J., Peradotto, Lindley and Martoche, JJ.