Charters & Constitutions

To no one will we sell, to no one will we refuse or delay, right or justice. Magna Charta ch 40 (1215)

Role of the Judge

There can be no free society without law administered through an independent judiciary. If one man can be allowed to determine for himself what is law, every man can. That means first chaos, then tyranny. Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court Felix Frankfurter, U.S. v. United Mine Workers (1947)

Role of the Lawyer

[L]awyers, more than anyone else, are the guardians of the rule of law. Indeed, lawyers ensure that laws are properly respected and fairly applied. It is also lawyers who present cases in court, who provide the evidence needed for a court to decide a dispute, and who educate judges on the relevant law for deciding a case. Hon. Samuel L. Bufford , ABA Judges' Journal at 10 (2007)

Role of the Jury

Weigh well the merits of the case and do on this, as you ought to do on every occasion, equal and impartial justice. Charge to the jury by Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court John Jay, Georgia v. Brailsford (1794)

Role of a Free Press

No government ought to be without censors; and where the press is free, none ever will. Thomas Jefferson (1853)

Reflections on the Rule of Law

...yet there are great principles of justice, whose authority is universally acknowledged... Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court John Marshall, Fletcher v. Peck (1810)

The Historical Society of the New York Courts        140 Grand Street, Suite 701 White Plains, NY 10601        914.824.5864