New York Courts dot gov
New York StateUnified Court System

Article 4. Relevance and Its Limits


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Click on "Article 4 Rules" for a pdf document of all Article 4 rules.

Click on the name of the rule for an individual pdf document.

Click on "docx" for an individual Word document.

 

The rules are generally listed in alphabetical order within each category.

 

ARTICLE 4 RULES

Last update: December 2022

For a list of updated rules, see Guide History

 

 

RELEVANCE, IN GENERAL

 

4.01. RELEVANT EVIDENCE docx
     
4.02. DIRECT AND CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE DEFINED docx
     
4.03. COMPLETING AND EXPLAINING RELEVANT EVIDENCE docx
4.05. CONDITIONAL RELEVANCE (SUBJECT TO CONNECTION) docx
4.06. EXCLUSION OF RELEVANT EVIDENCE docx
4.07 LIMITED ADMISSIBILITY OF RELEVANT EVIDENCE docx

 

RELEVANCE OF SPECIFIC TYPES OF EVIDENCE

 

4.08. OPENING THE DOOR TO EVIDENCE docx
4.11. CHARACTER EVIDENCE docx
4.13. HABIT docx

 

RELEVANCE OF SPECIFIC TYPES OF EVIDENCE APPLIED PRINCIPALLY

IN CIVIL PROCEEDINGS

 

4.12 CONTRACTS IN SMALL PRINT [CPLR 4544] docx
4.15. LIABILITY INSURANCE docx
4.16. OFFERS TO COMPROMISE (CPLR 4547) docx
4.17. PAYMENT BY JOINT TORTFEASOR (CPLR 4533-b) docx
4.18. PAYMENT OF MEDICAL EXPENSES docx
4.19. SUBSEQUENT REMEDIAL MEASURE docx

 

RELEVANCE OF SEPCIFIC TYPES OF EVIDENCE APPLIED PRINCIPALLY

IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS

 

4.21. CHEMICAL TEST EVIDENCE (DRUGS OR ALCOHOL IN BLOOD) (CPL 60.75; VTL 1195[1]) docx
4.22. COMPLAINANT'S SEXUAL CONDUCT OR DRESS (CPL 60.42; 60.43; 60.48) docx
4.23. CONNECTING PHYSICAL EVIDENCE TO DEFENDANT docx
4.24. CONSCIOUSNESS OF GUILT docx
4.26. CULPABILITY OF A THIRD PARTY docx
     
4.28. EVIDENCE OF CRIMES AND WRONGS (MOLINEUX) docx
4.30. EVIDENCE OF DRUGS DESTROYED PER COURT ORDER (CPL 60.70) docx
4.32. EVIDENCE OF PLEA AND ANCILLARY STATEMENTS docx
     
4.33. EXCEPTION OR PROVISO docx
     
4.34 GANG MEMBERSHIP AND ACTIVITY docx
     
4.35. IDENTIFICATION OF A DEFENDANT (CPL 60.25; 60.30) docx
4.36. INTOXICATION OF DEFENDANT (Penal Law 15.25; 15.05[3]) docx
     
4.38. MOTIVE TO COMMIT AN OFFENSE docx
     
4.40. POSSESSION OF CONDOMS, RECEIPT INTO EVIDENCE (CPL 60.47) docx
4.42.

POSSESSION OF OPIOID ANTAGONISTS, RECEIPT INTO EVIDENCE (CPLR 4519-a; CPL 60.49)

docx
4.44. PROOF OF PREVIOUS CONVICTION; WHEN ALLOWED (CPL 60.40[3]) docx
     
4.46. STATEMENTS OF DEFENDANT, CORROBORATION (CPL 60.50) docx